Glaciares de Chile


"Six Decade (1958–2018) of Geodetic Glacier Mass Balance in Monte San Lorenzo, Patagonian Andes"

Falaschi D.; Lenzano M.G.; Villalba R.; Bolch T.; Rivera A. and Lo Vecchio A. (2019) : «Six Decade (1958–2018) of Geodetic Glacier Mass Balance in Monte San Lorenzo, Patagonian Andes» Frontiers in Earth Science, doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00326.

Resumen / Abstract.

A full understanding of glacier changes in the Patagonian Andes over decadal to century time-scales is presently limited by a lack of detailed and appropriate longterm observations. Here, we present geodetic mass and area changes of three valley glaciers from Monte San Lorenzo derived from stereo aerial photos, the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and satellite imagery (SPOT5 and Pleiades) spanning four periods from 1958 to 2018. Our results indicate that net mass balance was negative throughout the six decades, with a mean mass loss of 1.35 ± 0.08 m w.e. a-1 and a total glacier area loss of 14.2 ± 0.7 km² (23 ± 1% or 0.40 ± 0.02% a-1). The period 1981–2000 had the most negative mass budget, with an area-averaged mass loss of 1.67 ± 0.11 m w.e. a-1 and a maximum loss of 2.23 ± 0.07 m w.e. a-1 at San Lorenzo Sur glacier. Over the periods of 2000–2012 and 2012–2018, the mass budget of these three glaciers remained virtually unchanged at 1.37 ± 0.06 and 1.36 ± 0.17 m w.e. a-1, respectively. To place these results into a broader geographical context, the mass balance of a further 15 glaciers from around the Monte San Lorenzo massif was determined from 2000 onwards. This wider analysis reveals a period of reduced mass loss of 0.13 ± 0.21 m w.e. a-1 from 2012 to 2018 after a period of enhanced mass loss of 0.31 ± 0.16 m w.e. a-1 between 2000 and 2012. We find that increasing air temperatures coupled with diminishing precipitation across the region explains the observed patterns and are the main drivers of the negative mass budget. Furthermore, increased calving and melting into recently formed proglacial lakes has further enhanced mass loss at some lake-terminating glaciers.